NAMI Montana is committed to raising awareness and providing valuable information on mental health topics to support individuals and their loved ones. In this week's research update, we are featuring three articles that shed light on various aspects of bipolar disorder treatment. It is important to note that these articles are for informational purposes only and should not replace professional advice or guidance.
We encourage everyone to work closely with their own clinicians and healthcare providers to determine the most appropriate care and treatment options for their specific needs. These articles aim to enhance understanding and facilitate meaningful conversations between individuals and their healthcare teams.
Adjunctive Psychotherapy for Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review and Component Network Meta-analysis.
Miklowitz DJ, Efthimiou O, Furukawa TA, Scott J, McLaren R, Geddes JR, Cipriani A. Adjunctive Psychotherapy for Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review and Component Network Meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry. 2021 Feb 1;78(2):141-150. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.2993. PMID: 33052390; PMCID: PMC7557716.
Importance: Several psychotherapy protocols have been evaluated as adjuncts to pharmacotherapy for patients with bipolar disorder, but little is known about their comparative effectiveness.
Objective: To use systematic review and network meta-analysis to compare the association of using manualized psychotherapies and therapy components with reducing recurrences and stabilizing symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder.
Results: A total of 39 randomized clinical trials with 3863 participants (2247 of 3693 [60.8%] with data on sex were female; mean [SD] age, 36.5 [8.2] years) were identified. Across 20 two-group trials that provided usable information, manualized treatments were associated with lower recurrence rates than control treatments (OR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.43-0.74). Psychoeducation with guided practice of illness management skills in a family or group format was associated with reducing recurrences vs the same strategies in an individual format (OR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.02-0.94). Cognitive behavioral therapy (SMD, -0.32; 95% CI, -0.64 to -0.01) and, with less certainty, family or conjoint therapy (SMD, -0.46; 95% CI, -1.01 to 0.08) and interpersonal therapy (SMD, -0.46; 95% CI, -1.07 to 0.15) were associated with stabilizing depressive symptoms compared with treatment as usual. Higher study retention was associated with family or conjoint therapy (OR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.26-0.82) and brief psychoeducation (OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.23-0.85) compared with standard psychoeducation.
Conclusions and relevance: This study suggests that outpatients with bipolar disorder may benefit from skills-based psychosocial interventions combined with pharmacotherapy. Conclusions are tempered by heterogeneity in populations, treatment duration, and follow-up.
Lithium treatment of Bipolar disorder in adults: A systematic review of randomized trials and meta-analyses
Fountoulakis KN, Tohen M, Zarate CA Jr. Lithium treatment of Bipolar disorder in adults: A systematic review of randomized trials and meta-analyses. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2022 Jan;54:100-115. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2021.10.003. PMID: 34980362; PMCID: PMC8808297.
The aim of the study was to systematically review the hard evidence alone, concerning lithium efficacy separately for the phases and clinical facets of Bipolar disorder (BD). The PRISMA method was followed to search the MEDLINE for Randomized Controlled trials, Post-hoc analyses and Meta-analyses and review papers up to August 1st 2020, with the combination of the words 'bipolar', 'manic', 'mania', 'manic depression' and 'manic depressive' and 'randomized'. Trials and meta-analyses concerning the use of lithium either as monotherapy or in combination with other agents in adults were identified concerning acute mania (Ν=64), acute bipolar depression (Ν=78), the maintenance treatment (Ν=73) and the treatment of other issues (N = 93). Treatment guidelines were also identified. Lithium is efficacious for the treatment of acute mania including concomitant psychotic symptoms. In acute bipolar depression it is efficacious only in combination with specific agents. For the maintenance phase, it is efficacious as monotherapy mainly in the prevention of manic while its efficacy for the prevention of depressive episodes is unclear. Its combinations increase its therapeutic value. It is equaly efficacious in rapid and non-rapid cycling patients, in concomitant obsessive-compulsive symptoms, alcohol and substance abuse, the neurocognitive deficit, suicidal ideation and fatigue The current systematic review provided support for the usefulness of lithium against a broad spectrum of clinical issues in Bipolar disorder. Its efficacy is comparable to that of more recently developed agents.
Evidence-based treatment strategies for rapid cycling bipolar disorder, a systematic review.
Roosen L, Sienaert P. Evidence-based treatment strategies for rapid cycling bipolar disorder, a systematic review. J Affect Disord. 2022 Aug 15;311:69-77. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2022.05.017. Epub 2022 May 8. PMID: 35545157.
Objectives: Rapid cycling is a phase of bipolar disorder with increased episode frequencies. It is a severe and disabling condition that often poses a major challenge to the clinician. The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the evidence-based treatment options for rapid cycling.
Limitations: Small sample sizes, different index episodes and variety of outcome measures.
Conclusion: Evidence regarding treatment of rapid cycling remains scarce. Evidence supports the use of aripiprazole, olanzapine, and valproate for acute manic or mixed episodes, quetiapine for acute depressive episodes and aripiprazole and lamotrigine for relapse prevention. Given the paucity of available evidence, and the burden that accompanies rapid cycling, future research is warranted.
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